Why China Can Finally Defeat the US Navy


China’s meteoric economic rise in the last
three decades has seen the world’s largest nation pick itself up from its agrarian roots
to become a robust and modern economy. While not more powerful than the US economically,
China’s is the only economy in the world to truly rival the US’s. Yet all of China’s economic expansion has
created a crippling national achille’s heel- it’s overwhelming reliance on naval trade
routes to export its trade goods and supply its ravenous appetite for oil. If China is to truly become a peer competitor
to the US, it must secure and defend its access to the world’s most important shipping lanes. In today’s episode of the Infographics Show,
we’re taking a look at the Asian powerhouse, and asking: Is China Ready to Take on the
US Navy? For decades China focused primarily on maintaining
national sovereignty by establishing a large ground force capable of fighting off another
Japanese invasion or their former Soviet rivals. As China’s economy expanded though, its reliance
on maritime trade grew to a staggering disproportion. While every nation relies on maritime trade,
China’s economy depends on the sea for 60-80% of its imports and exports, and almost all
of its oil supply. This has placed China in a precarious situation
where it is uniquely vulnerable to disruption of those trade routes, and forced a shift
in focus from a ground army to a growing naval and air force. China’s maritime strategic position is unique,
and completely stacked against it. With the bulk of its oil passing through the
Indian ocean, another of China’s long-time rivals- India- is in a position to easily
disrupt and even completely shut down Chinese shipping. While China maintains a larger and better
equipped naval force than India, Indian ships would enjoy land-based support and quick resupply,
while China would have to find a way to forward deploy a sizable battlegroup to the Indian
ocean that could fend off not just the Indian navy, but the land-based Indian air force
as well. Not only is this currently strategically impossible
for the limited Chinese navy, but China also lacks the supply and logistics ships needed
to keep a task force out at sea for extended periods of time. War against the US would likely involve India
as an American ally, but even if it didn’t China would still have to face America’s formidable
Pacific Fleet. With 2,000 aircraft and 200 ships, to include
33 nuclear attack submarines, America’s Pacific Fleet alone is more than a match for China’s
entire navy- which numbers at 193 combat ships and 710 aircraft. In any conflict the US Pacific Fleet would
also quickly be augmented by other American naval forces. So could China hope to fend off the US Pacific
Fleet in the event of war? In 1996 in response to the US granting a visa
to Taiwan’s President, Lee Teng-hui, China launched massive military exercises meant
to intimidate Taiwan, beginning with live fire missile and artillery firing just kilometers
from Taiwan’s shores. This was followed by a widely publicized amphibious
assault exercise meant to signal that China was ready and willing to cross the Taiwan
strait and invade the long-independent island. In response, the United States deployed three
aircraft carrier battlegroups to the area and an amphibious assault ship- the largest
display of American military might in Asia since Vietnam. This brief confrontation forced the Chinese
to admit that they could not hope to stop the US from defending Taiwan, and internally
Chinese military leadership doubted the possibility of defeating the US navy in any combat scenario. Humiliated by the US’s response and their
inability to prevent it, China reshuffled its military priorities, placing a much greater
emphasis on its naval, missile and air forces. Two decades later, their efforts have paid
off in spades, with China boasting the largest ballistic missile force in the world and a
competent, if still limited navy. Yet China is still saddled with a great deal
of internal issues, the most pressing being the systemic corruption that has for decades
thrived amongst the Communist party leadership and the armed forces both. Despite Xi Jinping’s anti-corruption purges,
the damage to China’s military by a long legacy of corrupt and ineffective leadership
could take years to reverse. China also faces a serious recruitment, training,
and experience problem with its armed forces. Unable to meet military recruitment quotas,
China’s armed forces have been forced to lower their recruiting standards several times since
2010. This has resulted in a crop of recruits who’s
current capabilities are questionable to say the least. As noted by Chinese observers, in 2012 a People’s
Liberation Army unit became so stressed out in the midst of a 15-day wartime simulation
that the ongoing exercise had to be put on pause, and time taken out for movie nights
and karaoke parties. By day nine of the exercise a “cultural
performance troupe”, PLA parlance for song-and-dance girls, had to be brought in to entertain the
homesick soldiers who’s morale had plummeted. Further reporting notes that this is likely
not an isolated incident, and Chinese watchdogs have long observed that China engages in little
comprehensive training of its troops in comparison with their western counterparts. In fact, China’s confidence in its own troops
is so low that it was only in the early 2010s that Chinese units began to take part in UN
peacekeeping deployments, long refusing to take part out of fear of international embarrassment. To further compound China’s challenges in
waging war against the US or another peer power, the nation has not fought a major conflict
since a brief skirmish against Vietnam in 1979. The modern Chinese military has absolutely
no experience in modern combined arms warfare, and to further compound China’s problems,
it also lacks a joint command structure amongst its various military branches like the US
employs. This means that in war it would be difficult
to coordinate Chinese ground forces with their air forces, or naval forces with their missile
forces, etc. Given the fast pace and chaotic nature of
modern war, this would leave China unable to quickly respond to and defend from threats. After the humiliation of the 1996 Taiwan Strait
crisis, China began to invest heavily into its missile forces with the goal of threatening
American aircraft carriers from deep within the Chinese mainland. Maintaining the world’s only missile service
as a separate branch of its military, China’s commitment to long-range stand-off weapons
is not to be underestimated- yet despite boasting that its new DF-21 ‘carrier killer’ ballistic
missiles could shut the US out of the West Pacific, the truth behind these boasts is
dubious at best. A ballistic missile strike on a moving target
in the middle of the ocean requires a long and very complicated ‘kill chain’ involving
land-based radar, airborne radar, satellites and command and control nodes to all coordinate
tracking and targeting of an enemy ship, and to date China has not displayed the capability
to successfully execute every step in this complex kill chain, or to protect the individual
links from attack or interference. Yet even the most optimistic American naval
commanders acknowledge the threat that China’s ballistic missiles present to a carrier battle
group, which is why the US has responded by engaging in the most ambitious ballistic missile
defense program in its history. Testing everything from airborne to ship-installed
directed energy weapons such as lasers, to a new generation of the Standard Model anti-air
missile, to classified anti-satellite weapons projects, the US has taken the Chinese ballistic
missile threat very seriously. China’s missile forces are its best tool for
keeping the US Navy at bay, but unproven as they are its doubtful just how effective they
would ultimately be. However, the one thing that China (and most
people in the US) tend to forget about are the US’s submarine forces, and that’s no coincidence. Secretive by design, the US’s ‘silent service’
is the most advanced submarine force in the world, and it maintains a constant rotation
of 18 subs forward deployed in the Pacific with another 8 loitering in potential conflict
zones. For the US navy in the Pacific this means
Chinese coastal waters, and with China’s very limited anti-submarine capabilities and notoriously
noisy subs, this underwater force alone would be enough to choke China’s trade completely
and sink the entirety of China’s very small amphibious assault fleet should it try to
invade Taiwan. Immune to China’s ballistic missile forces,
America’s nuclear attack submarines are its best weapon in any conflict against China,
something both China and the US are keenly aware of. In response, China has installed underwater
listening sensors across the South China Sea, and for its part the US has increased annual
production of its new Virginia-class submarines to 2 a year through to at least 2030. China is not yet ready to take on the US Navy
and win, yet this is a deficiency it has clearly identified and is working to address with
a huge expansion of its own navy, the building of two aircraft carriers, and building new
diesel-powered submarines. But with a looming population crisis set to
explode a demographic timebomb by 2030 where over 65% of its population will be of retirement
age, China may find itself pressed for the economic resources it needs to continue expanding
its military. The US also faces challenges in maintaining
its global peacekeeping naval fleet, but with a strong network of alliances and access to
financial networks China does not, it will take some serious and very focused investment
in its Navy- perhaps at the expense of its other branches- for China to ever truly challenge
America in the open ocean. So, Can China’s navy take on the US Navy? Let us know your thoughts in the comments! Also, be sure to check out our other video
called China vs the US! Thanks for watching, and, as always, don’t
forget to like, share, and subscribe. See you next time!

100 thoughts on “Why China Can Finally Defeat the US Navy

  1. no #1 because everything made in china breaks after 1 use
    #2 they are gonna run towards the bullets and die like many countries do

  2. In reality, it's the US-military alliance countries that support the US. The US military, no doubt, is a dominant force, but what makes the
    American military a force never to be f—ed with, is the allies/and other nationals working with the US intelligence community that provide crucial intelligence.

  3. China copycats everything. Nothing they have is their own.And just because something looks like something. Doesn't mean it's the same.

  4. Unfortunately, things have changed since this video was made.

    We have increasingly been isolating ourselves from allies, and potential friends while china continues to establish a strong foothold in the pacific. Including a massive advance into the economies of nearly every major power in almost every single continent. While we are to busy fussing about trump needing to be impeached. China has also developed new hypersonic missiles to counter the United State's counter measure systems, and to increase their range. They have the upper hand in the political theater due to member nations relying on chinese investment to stabilize their economies, and allow for growth. It has become increasingly clear with each month, and each year that America is losing it's position as the leader of the world. Not just the world either. China has also started to become the leader of the western world. Their actions being praised despite continually committing massive human rights violations simply because they line the pockets of those who are supposed to hold them accountable. We are witnessing the beginning of an age of authoritarian capitalism. Freedom, and privacy. The freedom of speech primarily is being erased even from america because people are wasting it, or demanding it be destroyed. I am scared to envision what is to come for my nation, and for the world. We used to be better than this, but now it is the tyrants who rule again it seems. Sodomizing the values, and beliefs i was raised on. That the United States was founded on. I wish we could wake up as a country and stop this advance before it ends us and brings about a cultural/humanitarian dark age. However, I do not believe it is possible. We are running out of time, and we are too busy fighting with each other to notice the growing darkness seeking to destroy all of us. To rule over us, and tread on us. It brings me great pain, and disappointment to see what we have become. Our forefathers would be rolling in their graves.

  5. I even feel wired that why US navy should fight for Taiwanese. its just like US fight for those Asians and get US soldiers in danger? ridiculous

  6. China : hey dude shall we have seats and talk about deals.
    America : yeah why not?
    Taiwan: what about me?
    America: ehh Asians

  7. Chinese logic – south China sea belong to us. Because it named as China sea .
    Indian- then indian ocean belong to India. Don't pass through indian ocean. 😎😎

  8. Something in the military that we use. It's called TRE. Target Rich Environment.

    Not to mention the arising of the 2nd amendment again which would destroy the socialist movement thoroughly which is entirely based upon weakening western influence on freedom.

  9. China is all talk and can only bully small countrys…but wine like a baby when france, u.s and australia challenge them

  10. Invading Taiwan and fighting US navy in the open ocean were never the same thing. For China is a matter of taking over Taiwan in a week with overwhelming forces before US can come to the rescue while never fighting US navy in the open ocean. If Taiwan fall early, there is no hope for US to take it back. China will do this when it deemed its navy is strong enough and can weather a 20-year subsequent economic sanction by the West, hence the belt and road initiative.

  11. So uhh you know that the United states has more tonnage in the water than China and Russia combined Right? Oh and any aquatic landing on Venice Beach is DOOMED. Just the basketball americans would push them back into the sea.

  12. Middle numbers dont mean much when your country can send 9 warheads per ICBM and can knock any missles sent at America would be taken out in the sky…

  13. Jimmy Carter  :  "US Is Most Warlike Nation In History Of The World”

    US has been at peace for only 16 of its 242 years as a nation.

    We should close some of the 800 military bases in 70 countries, use the money locally on infrastructure and help the homeless people at home.

    China has not engaged to major wars for over 40 years already. Peace , No War ….

  14. In short… UN MILITARY IS UNDEFEATABLE .. talking about those confidentials & secrets of technologies they have. No one knows what they can really do and show on war.. my brother,cousins, & other relatives are part of arm forces of PH & USA.. they talking about secret modern hightech war machine that fit in any kinds of war in short the ratio of war between china vs usa(UN) is 1:100

  15. Okay, number one you falsely labeled your video. Number two at the end of your video you were talking about a population explosion in China. Better check your numbers again. They're having problems with negative population growth

  16. The info graphic show. If you want to get more view then make more better video telling the truth, rather then making anti-China video. If that doesn’t work get a job!

  17. Yeah I think the USA would easily win considering the fact that our navy is capable of going anywhere in the world. If you think china can beat the usa your high af

  18. US economy is too fragile and on the verge of collapse. Even ISIS can defeat the US without having to fire a single bullet once the Petrodollar collapses and America kills itself in a cultural civil war as the Govt defaults. The age of hegemony is coming to an end.

  19. Just one tiny problem with US subs, the Russians know their signatures and in case of a war between the US and China they will give it to the Chinese. All of this situation is just because the US did not respected one promess.

  20. The key thing to consider is where a naval clash would be fought. It's hard to imagine a clash between the US and China taking place anywhere other than the South China Sea. Unfortunately for the US, this is where China has the advantage due to proximity and the vast network of coastal and air-defence assets dotting the area.
    As of December 2019, the PLAN also has the world’s biggest fleet in raw numbers (300 to the USN's 287), technically making it the world's largest navy. In this video's defence, the US would achieve victory if the entirety of both navies were pitched against each other. The unrealistic part of this, however, is that there is no scenario where the entirety of both navies would be pitched against each other (the US has a global military presence to protect and has been forced to spread its forces thinly across the globe).

  21. Let me help with this DEBATE! Any COUNTRY (WHETHER INTERNAL OR EXTERNAL) which has war can only be sum up by this.

    "ONLY THE DEAD HAVE TRULY SEEN THE END OF WAR"

  22. So, China is so weakand what's the point for your video? USA is the only one armed to teeth and still feel terrified.

  23. Its not about Haven.Its All About Strategy When it Comes to a War..US Is A Victorious in War Even.They Dont have Many Soldiers.

  24. Your title was no where close to what the actual video was. 15k people disliked this video BECAUSE OF YOUR TITLE

  25. They have 4 times as many ppl and they just now getting on our level if usa had 1.5 billion ppl wed dwarf them

  26. I am Chinese American. I loath the CCP. Your video just proves every conclusion I have about the Chinese military as a whole. For the massive amount of corruption constantly going on in the PLA, the authoritarian chinese political system and as far as the US military force has shown in the real world, CCP will be digging their own grave if they ever dare to start a real war. China knows it. US knows it. Period.

  27. So, it started off as Bruce Lee vs Chuck Norris in 'Enter The Dragon' only to end up being Bruce Lee vs Brad Pitt from 'Once Upon A Time In Hollywood'. Got it!

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