Inside The Ships: ORP Błyskawica


Hello. Welcome to Poland. We’re here to have a look
at the oldest naval destroyer in the world: the Blyskawica. [INSIDE THE SHIPS] [WITH RICHARD “THE CHALLENGER” CUTLAND] [INSIDE ORP BLYSKAWICA] This British-designed Polish destroyer
was one of the 2 Grom-class vessels, ordered on 29th of March, 1935. She was commissioned in 1937
and fought alongside the Royal Navy. When launched she was one of the fastest
and most heavily-armed ships of her kind. [ORP KRAKOWIAK – HUNT CLASS DESTROYER] The Grom-class destroyers
were named after thunder, Grom, and lightning, Blyskawica, respectively. Although Grom’s keel was laid first, Blyskawica was completed before Grom. In other words,
lightning came before thunder. She was built between 1st of October 1935… and 1st of October 1936… …as part of the Polish naval buildup program… …that sought to bolster Poland’s defenses
against maritime threats. The Grom-class destroyers were superior
to German or Soviet destroyers… …in terms of armament. They were also designed
specifically for operations in the Baltic, and thus included minelayers. 2 more ships were ordered from J. Samuel White… …but they were never laid down
due to the outbreak of World War II. [ARMAMENTS] The biggest loses at see
during World War II… …were by the use of underwater weapons
such as torpedoes. Initially the ship was fitted with… …twin triple-tubed
550 mm torpedo launchers. They then followed
a series of retrofits and modifications… …all the way upto 1951… …when this Soviet designed
twin triple-tubed 533.4 mm launcher… …was finally fitted. It was an effective weapon, with 300 kg of explosive, a maximum speed of 45 knots, and a maximum range of 13 km. Firing of the torpedo launcher… …was by the use of compressed gas. And if this failed,
there was also a way to fire it… …using the more traditional
gunpowder method. To fight submarines,
the ship was armed with 20 depth charges. These can be found in 10 various launchers,
such as this, around the ship. In 1951, the small caliber guns onboard… …were replaced with these 37 mm guns
located on either side of the ship. They’ve a rate of fire
of 180 rounds per minute… …and a maximum range of 3 km. They were added simply to unify
with the rest of the Polish Navy. The original air defense for the ship
included twin 40 mm Bofors guns. One of them you can see here, and the other you can see behind me
in front of the main funnel. They were manned by a crew of 7, and had a practical range of 4000 m, and a rate of fire
of 120 rounds per minute. During the Second World War
these particular guns… …were responsible for taking down
4 German aircrafts. Upon commission in 1937, the ship was originally armed
with seven 120 mm guns. In 1941, she was rearmed, with 4 twin quick-firing dual purpose guns. These guns had a much improved elevation
on the originals of 85 degrees… and a range of 16,500 meters. We’re now fortunate
to have one of the crew members… …give more of an insight
to the operation of the main guns. We are at the bow of the ship
next to the main artillery gun. This is a 4-inch naval gun… …which was mounted here in 1941. Originally the ship had
a 120 mm main artillery. The gun presented here
has an elevation of up to 85 degrees… …and can successfully strike
aerial targets. The main reason
why those guns were changed… …was that 120 mm guns… …could not elevate their barrels
above 35 degrees. There was another
modernisation in the 50s… …after the end of the World War II. When the ship came back
from United Kingdom. Only the barrels of those guns… …were changed to 100 mm calibre. Thanks to this, they were adjusted
to the 100 mm ammunition… …that was used at that time
by the states of the Warsaw Pact. In the case of this gun
it was also an improvement… …because the range was slightly increased… …by almost 200 meters. We’re now moving down
to the engineering deck… …where the chief engineer will give us
a tour through the heart of this vessel. [ENGINE DECK] For the ship to start up… …we need to start
the main boilers. They were fuelled by the substance 12F. It was a heavy oil,
commonly referred to as mazut (heating oil). It was moved through the system of filters
by the steam-powered pumps… …with the triple,
three-level steam turbine. This is what the fuel pump looked like. We have cut it open,
so we can show the insides. Here we can see the three-level
steam turbine powering the device. The pump worked like this. We are now in the unique interior… …of one of the main boilers
of the ORP Blyskawica. This is the Admiralty type boiler, with two superheaters,
and three steam drums. Here the boiler water
was transformed into steam. Initially into wet steam, next, after moving
through the superheaters, into dry superheated steam,
334 degrees. Working pressure of the boiler:
27.07 kg/cm2. 836 ascent tubes,
2,872 descent tubes, these were the water tubes
of the boiler. The inside of the boiler
was lined with fireclay. There were 8 burners
on the side of the boiler. They were providing the boiler
with fuel, air, and the flame needed
for the process of transforming… …water into steam. The temperature inside of the boiler:
2,000 degrees. The output of this boiler
was 90 tons of steam per hour. We are now in the Engine Room No. 1,
the heart of the ship. The actual heart is here,
on my right-hand side. It’s a steam turbine… …with a total power of 27,000 HP. There were two assemblies of this kind, so the total engine power
of Blyskawica was 54,000 HP. Turbine assembly was composed
of the high-pressure turbine, the low-pressure turbine,
and the astern turbine. The steam was being released
very slowly into the turbine. The turbine had to be warmed up, and only after reaching
a certain temperature… …and expanding – by 5 centimetres –… …the steam could be released
with full force into the turbine assembly, so the proper rotational speeds
could be reached, and the full power gained. The steam was moving
in the closed system. After going from the high-pressure turbine
to the low-pressure turbine… it would go to the condenser below. In this condenser the steam
was transformed into water for the boiler… …which was going back
into the reservoirs. The propeller shaft
would not be damaged. The one from this Engine Room
was 38.5 meters long, the one from the Engine Room No. 2
– 28.5 meters long. The diameter of the shaft is 360 mm. For this,
the reduction gearing was used. The reduction gearing
with the Bevel gear… …was able to transmit
a much greater load, and thanks to the decreasing
of the rotational speed of the turbine the shaft was rotating
at only 440 turns per minute, and the power output was much greater. There was a propeller
at the end of the shaft. This ship has two propellers. Their diameter is almost 3.5 meters. The left one weighs 6,900 kg,
the right one – 6,850 kg. [BRIDGE & NAVIGATION] We’re now at the highest part of the ship,
the bridge, and what a great vantage point it is. Some of the equipment
you can see located around me. Just to my left we’ve got
the original ship’s compass. But in front of that
is a much more modern design… …that was manufactured in 1986. We’ve also got
the engine order equipment. This ship was capable of producing
a localized smoke screen… …and the controls for that
are down here on the right hand side. Directly behind the bridge
we would have found the first navigator. From this great vantage point
he would relay information… …to its counterpart below,
at the navigation room. We’re now in the navigation room. Directly above us
we would have found the first navigator. You’ll notice there’s a bed in this room. The reason is that somebody
had to be on duty here 24 hours a day. The second navigator’s job… …was to plan
and actually plot the route of the ship, …which you do so
on the mappage in front of him. He would also,
from this room, communicate via this system, with the wheelhouse. [WHEELHOUSES] The ship had 2 wheelhouses. We’re now in the larger of the 2… …which is located
right at the back of the ship. It was manned by a crew of 3… …and was used
in case the first wheelhouse… …became inoperable for whatever reason. [MISC. ROOMS] Here, in the comfort
of the Captain’s salon… …is where he would relax
and entertain guests. [Boatswain Andrzej Wronka,
ORP Blyskawica] Hello, welcome to my cabin. This one is very similar to all the cabins
of other officers on the ship. ORP Blyskawica
saw combat throughout World War II, although only in exile
from her homeland. Realizing that they were
at a significant numerical disadvantage… …against the German Navy, the Polish naval staff… …decided to evacuate her
to the United Kingdom. After some modifications
that make her more suitable… …for the rougher Atlantic Ocean, she joined the British Navy
in combat operations. After the Norwegian Campaign of 1940, ORP Blyskawica returned to
the United Kingdom, her host nation. It would not be long
before she was sortied again. In late May of 1940, the Wehrmacht
had broken through the defenses… …of the combined French,
Belgian, and British forces, isolating the British Expeditionary Force… …and some French
and Belgian forces in Dunkirk, a total of 300,000 men. From then until 1942, she served mainly on convoy
and patrol duties in the Atlantic. Some time in 1942, she was recalled to the town of Cowes, the place where she was built,
for an urgent refit. While she was there, the town
had came under attack from German bombers. During this incident, ORP Blyskawica
played a key role in the defense of Cowes. She and her crew worked tirelessly… …to provide a blanket
of anti-aircraft fire over the town, forcing the German bombers
to remain at higher altitude. Although the town and shipyard
suffered heavy damage during the air raid, it’s possible that
if not for ORP Blyskawica, the damage would have been
much more extensive. She was later deployed
to support Operation Torch, the Allied operation to regain control
of North Africa from the Germans. In early 1944, she returned to Britain. Later that year, she supported
carrier strikes against German assets… …along the Norwegian coast, before being reassigned
to the 10th Destroyer Flotilla… …in support of Operation Overlord, the planned invasion of Normandy. On the 8th of June,
2 days after the first D-Day landings, she engaged the German Navy destroyers… …in the Battle of Ushant… …during which the Germans
lost 2 destroyers, ZH1 and Z32. It was the last major battle
that the ship participated in. She continued to patrol
the English Channel… …until the end of hostilities. For her meritorious service, she was awarded
the Golden Cross of the Virtuti Militari, one of Poland’s highest military awards, equivalent to the Victoria Cross
or the Medal of Honor. Today, she stands as a museum ship, a reminder of Polish naval heroism
during World War II.

100 thoughts on “Inside The Ships: ORP Błyskawica

  1. Seriously i really enjoy your Inside The Ships / Tanks Videos.
    Could you make a Inside The Ships CV Video?

    Cheers!

  2. Trying to read subtitles to know what I am looking at while trying to see those details is not a good idea. The ship from what I could see was the single best preserved and displayed WW II era ship I have ever seen. Will watch again with sound and CC off I guess to reduce headache

  3. 13:10 – Thats really nice. Somebody finally said that we were fighting during 2nd WW. But does anyone know why the whole alliance couldn't invite any Polish unit on the winning parade in London? Traitors, you were using our soliders and units and after all couldn't invite or even thank to commanders. Shame on the "Great alliance"

  4. i was there 2 weeks ago and its rly cool there inside with lods of history,models etc. and yup its hard to speak polish…:D

  5. wooji waaji wooji wejji seriously if u gonna use a language i/we dont understand , give us roland rat or mickey mouse cartoons so at least we have a laff

  6. Next time burn the subtitles in the video for non english languages. Mobile viewers would really appreciate it 🙂

  7. British Cruisers AND Battleships and German Battleships … when they come …. NEVER first we put Russo Sovjiet shit into the game cuz we hate west eu….!!!! A SHIP GAME WITHOUT BRITISH SHIPS ISNT A SHIP GAME !

  8. Would be fantastic to get some kind of story behind the IJN Mogami. She was a amazing and active, ship.

  9. 6:10 – 6:20
    how the hell people can translate it :v
    oh god, what i can hear is: balsdwnaiodniubfsdkvjsbdf;lskejroskenrfoeisnbfosenfiubesfnslkjfdjksbvjksd vkijebfsjnfcesbfeslndfalkfndwakldnwaodbnw

  10. Dzięki firmie Wargaming za spopularyzowanie naszego okrętu. Nota bene ciężko pewnie obcokrajowcom wypowiedzieć słowo Błyskawica. Nie dziwie się, że Polski język uważany jest za jeden z najtrudniejszych na świecie ( sam nie wiem czy się cieszyć czy smucić z tego powodu )

  11. dear wargaming can i ask is there gonna be italian navy in
    maybe like premium ships or somethings???

  12. at least they could have translated the polish parts, was interested but unfortunatelly i dont know polish 🙁

  13. I wonder why ship crew speak polish in this video. They're polish navy officers and they speak english very well so I not quite understand WG intention.

  14. A najciekawszy jest fakt (o którym nie wspomniano), że do chwili obecnej ORP Błyskawica jest najlepiej uzbrojonym okrętem Polskiej Marynarki Wojennej. Przykre, ale prawdziwe…

  15. why the ship in real life has 8 turrets and in game 7? it makes no sense the frontal one has 2 not 1 i mean you could make a hull for the turret that has been added later

  16. Great idea. Great effort. Great video. WGE many thanks for promoting this beautiful ship alongside with a bit of Polish history.

  17. Here is a ship that sailed with her in the 10th destroyer flotilla that fought to protect the D-day landings. The HMCS Haida. If you ever get a chance, be sure to visit the last surviving tribal class destroyer of WWII at Hamilton Ontario, Canada. Lets hope the Haida will join the Blyskawica soon, as a premium in WOWS

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uEIpQXxgDlM

  18. This video confirms something a friend and I have discussed in the past, whether or not the Germans had DDs during WWII. Since it appears that the Kriegsmarine did operate DDs during WWII, how long will it be before we start seeing them in game, I'd be curious to see how they'd stack up against USN, IJN, & Russian DDs.

  19. Lol when the polish guy was talking I knew exactly what he was saying because I'm polish too. Didn't even need subtitles.

  20. Awesome video. Thank you Wargaming
    It's very, very sad that polish heroes, their sacrifices and huge contribution into victory during II WW is actually forgotten among western countries. I really believe that citizens of western countries could learn very much from polish history. The story of Błyskawica is inspiring and very interesing, but it's also only a drop in the ocean of the polish stories that are worth to be told to the next generations.

  21. Thank you for this short and super informative documentary video. I am very glad to see people get educated of the most important history through the modern games.

  22. so i have a question. Why is there a weight discrepancy between the 2 propellers? Is it just a manufacturing discrepancy or is it intentional?

  23. There is another curios fact – is that the ORP Blyskawica was the only destroyer capable to escort RMS "Queen Elizabeth" due to her high top speed and cruise-speed. Her maximum top speed was of 39,5 n

  24. Aaaaa…Błyskawica the best destroyer when I seen. I live in Poland and sometimes I want drive to Gdynia and see the ORP Błyskawica.

  25. I am from the Isle of Wight, and very pleased to see that she has been looked after so well. She is a great, and very successful ship. Which is also due to the brave, skilled crews that she had.

  26. My father Teodor Krol served onboard the Blyskawica in WW2 and i have photos taken onboard during WW2 from his album

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