Everyone knows this fable, ‘Tortoise and the hare’ For being quoted to compare two animal’s behavior We learn the lesson not to be arrogant like the hare did, and to be diligent like the tortoise did When we look through this pacific war, we can say that America is tortoise, Empire of Janan is the hare I’m afraid Especially this battle represents these comparisons most Today’s Episode is about the turning point of Pacific war. The battle of Midway After the “Attack on Pearl Harbor” America engaged in wartime system, but circumstances weren’t helpful in Early 1942, Nazi conquerd Netherland, took over Europe territory And They become American’s enemy also. Which means American had to face two frontline, for both Germany and japan Most of all, the collapsion of Pacific fleet was the greatest problem, They had no available battleship, since two out of eight totally destroyed, and six got terrible damage. Those eight were core power of the fleet In these shock U.S Navy’s morale were very low and they could nothing but enduring Japanese immediate invasion Fortunately Dolittle raiders succeeded, And CV-5 Yorktown and CV-2 Lexington sacrificed themselves to defend ‘Port Moresby landing’ and this lead to failure of japan’s southern frontline expansion But Pacific fleet wasn’t prepared yet. And U.S need to know where japan attack next Fortunatley U.S had analyzed Japanese wireless code system, and the found out AF, the next target was Miday And U.S inserted Yorktown sisters, CV-5 Yorktown, Cv-6 Enterprise, CV-8 Hornet to Midway They had only one goal, total defence of Midway On the other hand, Japan had different circumstances to U.S Japanese became too confident to be seemed as arrogance. Because theySuccessily won the battle after the Pearl harbor In the midst, admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, commander of combined fleet, insisted to destroy American aircraft carrier and raid midway, in order to drive out America to west so that they never raid japan mainland. At first Navy were skeptical, because Japanese Navy were heavily responsible for Letting the Tokyo, residence of Tenno They finally accepted and got at Midway operation Back then, there were three Fleet took on this opereation Mobile fleet, commanded by Nagumo juichi , mission was to destroy U.S carrier fleet and midway air raid Main fleet, commanded by Isoroku Yamamoto, to deploy Midway Landing And Northen fleet commanded bt Boshiro Hosogaya, to drive out American operation area to north Except Shokaku sisters, needed repair because of damage from Coral sea Almost every navy power gathered for this battle But japanese navy had serious lack of morale Navy annihilated Pacific fleet, UK East fleet Army conquered Philippines, advanced to Indochinese Peninsula and southern aria so much optimism was spread among the army headquarters They even neglected basic military security, compared to themselves at Pearl harbor In short, Japanese army completedly slacked off For example, it is basic rule to keep radio silence during the fleet moving But japan ignored it and even communicated though plain text This absurd, non-tactical behavior even made U.S to doubt “are these their trap?” There’s a record showing Japan’s sloth, Nagumo’s mobile fleet were detected by U.S recon And commander Nagumo didn’t care so much. When June 4th, Early dawn, the time of the beginning Tone cruiser tried to patrol by recon But their recon couldn’t takeoff on time because of matter of seaplane As a result they couldn’t detected US fleet And 6:35 AM with Japanese Navy’s strike, the battle of Midway was begin But japan gave less damage to U.S garrison because their preparation was steady. They destroyed some base building but still AAG and shore cannon existed. Japan decided secondary strike for their landing Meanwhile, on the deck of Mobile fleet they were already too busy even before the calling for secondary strike. Since Midway base also sent torpedo bomber against the first raiders Mobile fleet’s airstrip work was delayed for avoidance In the midst first team returned, flying around for landing on ship Commander Nagumo, preparing for secondary strike, got a report about U.S fleet He decided to attack them, problem was his plane’s were had armed for land base… So commander recalled the planes on deck in order to change their arms and let the first strikers land. And it lead to second’s takeoff delayed. After a time, recon reported the enemy carrier And 10:30am, America’s dive bomber violently descended to strike. On the other hand, America had known that Midway was targeted by Japan even before the battle But they couldn’t match Japan with their own military power U.S had only three aircraft carriers available in operation. The Yorktown sisters. What’s worse was one out of three was harshly damaged. Required repairmen for three month But America couldn’t wait, as soon as Hornet and Yorktown arrived to hwaii Repaired essential part for sail first for 3 days, and departed with 1300 soldiers for maintenance Of course during the sail for Miday, every man repaired the ship night and day… U.S organized fleet into TF-16, with Endterprise, Hornet. TF-17 with Yorktown June 3rd, Yorktown sisters were located in North-East 500km from Midway. While japan arrived in North-west 460km U.S fleet had already known the location of Nagumo’s mobile fleet After being stroke they called their bombers Piecemeally Sadly those bombers were same as flying without any escort’s cover One by one bomber squadrons fell attacked by japan mobile fleet After the fail bombers squadron from enterprise and Hornet soar for order But they didn’t realize that Nagumo changed their route So what the squadron saw was nothing but empty horizon But in 9:45PM the squadron found a japan destroyer It was Kagero-class Arashi Arashi fell behind the fleet tracking the U.S submarine nautilus Was returning to the fleet abandoned the track U.S dive bomber squadron thought following the Arashi would lead them to the fleet And that was correct Enterprise bomber squadron met Kaga, Akagi, Soryu, Hiryu. And one by one, they damaged, detonated, stroke their deck and hangar, full of fuel and bombs. This was the moment which decided the winner of the battle “Five Fateful Minutes” But japan still got Hiryu, they send the message was told “Hiryu is still holding on” “from now on we take control the Airfight” And soon they stroke the U.S fleet. Japan tried to strike Yorktown with dive bombers, almost of them were destroyed by escorts and AAG but In the end two bomb strike the Yorktown, and the ship destroyed. But although such hard damge, it’s still functional and many mechanics finished emergency repair in 4 hour. But soon after another couple of torpedo Fired from Hiryu’s secondary raiders confused Yorktown with another ship stroke the left flank fuel tank And at last, Yorktown completely neutralized. While secondary tream retreat, U.S recon detected Hiryu Admiral Fletcher ordered to strike them down from Enterprise and Hornet bombers soar once again. And 5 pm stroke four bomb on the deck, Hiryu finally destroyed and entire body burnt down. This was the end of Nagumo’s Mobile fleet, pride of imperial Japan. On the other hand, Yorktown Yorktown was still on the surface, but in inclined status. U.S Navy was eager to save the Yorktown no matter it cost But before the towing japan submarine attacked Yorktown once more, eventually Yorktown was lost to the bottom. Commander Isoroku Yamamoto ,heard this news, retreated the main unit. Ordered the northern fleet heading to Alryusin archipelago turn back to the south. And the battle finally concluded, as the victory of America ….. Midway battle offered U.S the momentum of offensive action While it caused japan to defeat on battle of Guadalcanal, since they lost four aircraft carrier. The Battle of Midway is the extreme case of “how arrogance ruins everything” Naturally it was impossible for japan to lose. they overcome America in the scale of fleet, and firepower also. Nevertheless they overlooked U.S too much To even they ignored the result of previous War-game. Which is told “Our Aircraft carrier might be destroyed” Japanese headquarter thought so comfortably “there won’t be U.S carrier fleet, we can rip them apart very easily” And as we all know now, Reality ripped ‘them’ apart. America, on the other hand, set up their plan only for defence of Midway isle. Midway base, U.S fleet all of them focused of the defence. And their struggle rewarded From this lesson they developed more effective aircraft carrier operation and AAG gunshot know-how This reminds us the fable “the tortoise and the hare” Hare ran faster than tortoise, but in sloth and pride, he allowed tortoise to chase himself. Another word, there was a Zero-sen which had crash-landing in Akutan island It was belong to the Northern fleet, heading to the Alryusin archipelago America had secured the plane almost unharmed And had their research about Zero-sen, developed new tactics against their weak point. And they realized that Zero-sen, what they afraid of so much, actually was too light and weak to think “they are not aircraft, but flying casket” This is the famous “Akutan Zero”, the conclusion of the Zero-sen mythology.